Edema is a typical clinical manifestation of chronic nephritis. Most of patients with chronic nephritis have recurrent edema and different types of nephropathy edema. So different patients need different treatment solutions. Traditional Chinese medicine adopt dialectical treatment and solve nephritis edema from the cause.
How to eliminate edema? The key is to eliminate the cause of edema.
There are two causes of renal edema.
Firstly, too much protein in the urine leads to a decrease in protein in the blood. If there is less protein, water cannot be absorbed, and water leaks from the blood vessels into the tissue, forming edema.
This is edema of the nephrotic syndrome. Only the proteinuria reduced, the edema can be improved from the root.
The second is that the kidneys have a glomerular-tubule imbalance. The glomerular filtration rate reduced, while the renal tubular reabsorption has not decreased and even increased. That results in a large amount of water not being excreted and accumulated in the body.
This is edema of nephritis, and the usual medicine for this kind of swelling is diuretic.
Therefore, there are two main reasons for edema caused by chronic nephritis. The first is that the kidneys cannot drain water from the body, and the second is that the kidneys leak a lot of albumin.
Specifically, chronic nephritis will cause a decline in renal function, and the glomeruli with nephrons will be affected. Water and sodium cannot be excreted through the kidneys by the normal way—urethra, so water and salt accumulate in the body and cause edema.
Another reason is with the decline of kidney function, the protein in the body cannot be stored, causing some albumin in the body to leak out through the kidney. Over time, albumin in the body will come down, which result in swelling.
In Nephrology Dept of HHHTCM, nephropathy edema gets treated in the principle of combining TCM syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation. It aims to improve the body’s ability to remove antigens, reduce and repair damage to the basement membrane, increase renal blood flow and make glomeruli repair gradually, meantime, the progress of immune complexes and renal fibrosis get inhibited. With kidney function being restored, kidney disease edema will be treated from the root and external symptoms.